You can measure the viscosity of oils Ikon by Engler scale on as a viscous oil for the passage of the amount of oil of 200 square centimeters have European companies have agreed to standards for oil viscosity of the 10 203 040 506 070 and preceded by figures SAE Code lower the number the lack of his wife The greater the degree of increased viscosity
Play engine oils Ikon important role in the continued life of the engine and prolong the period of his service which is similar to the role played by the blood in living organisms.
There is no means to achieve the engine does not affect the service period such as engine oil Icon.
Engines oils Icon good oils enjoying consistently high antioxidant considered during combustion inside the engine and keep the oil level as required and right while operating in difficult conditions, as well as the advantages of oils ICON engines pumping fast at low temperatures to ensure the lubrication of engine parts in full at the beginning of the operation and thus protect it from wear and corrosion and at the same time working oils Icon movements on engine cooling.
The presence of oils of different types and multiple brands make it a professional driver mistaken in choosing the right motor engine oils appointed, in addition to the advertised oils or referred to specifications on the oil tray may not reflect the actual specifications of these oils.
So how to choose a brand of engine oil?
What do we rely upon our choice Icon engine oils?
Some may also Wonders for the period necessary to change the oil from the engine. When and how is it done?
Why prevail some oils After walking for some hundreds of kilometers away?
And why some of them remain pure and clear, even after long distances?
Choose Icon engine oils in terms of viscosity according to the American Society of Automotive Engineers
SOCIETY OF AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS (SAE), and oils Icon of the categories in terms of quality (performance) by the American Petroleum Institute API (AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE). Or by the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ASSOCIATION DES CONSTRUCTERS EUROPEANS d’AUTOMOBILES) ACEA)
1- motor oils and Selection by category in terms of viscosity: SAE.
Founded this category in 1911 and is considered a global standard it regulates the viscosity of the oils and has nothing to do in terms of the quality of oils and use of certain engines – different engines – This category contains six categories winter and five summer classes of motor oils Winter viscosity categories
(0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W) SAE
Oils categories Icon summer viscosity is
30 , 40 , 50 , 60, 70) (SAE
To illustrate we take this example SAE 10W-40 is usually written on the oil tray,
What do you mean these icons on the Icon engine oils tray
SAE – 40 degrees summer viscosity number (40) means the use of oil in the summer
Whenever it was a great figure wherever oil and a large degree will maintain to his wife when overheating at high temperatures outside air as well as the engine is affected by high temperatures and functions of the use of oils Icon engines because they at high temperatures maintains a large degree on the viscosity in order to maintain the engine.
The Jod- and viscosity grade SAE 10W in winter gives us information on the use of oil for the winter W- means «WINTER» «Winter» the more the small number whenever oil and largely will maintain liquidity in the cold weather at the beginning of the engine
The Icon engine oils (which can be used in summer and winter) symbolizes her:
SAE 10W – 40 where the gathering degree winter and summer viscosity together and this means that you can use this oil in the summer for temperatures up to 40 degrees Celsius, or 45 degrees Celsius in the presence symbol 40 can also use the same oil in the winter to temperatures as low as from minus 10 to minus 15 degrees Celsius in the presence symbol w 10
Meaning that the right choice for this category depend on it the most important of several facilities that we can run the car engine in cold regions where the temperature may reach in the winter to minus 7-10 ° C
Through the right choice of the number provided by the character (W), as well as the case for the summer will be the right choice for the number after the dash (-) in the example figure is 40. This means that we can start the engine in the tropics, which reaches a temperature during the summer to a positive 40 -45 ° C
Here we must note that when you use oils Aecono engines it is not necessary to protect it (heat) engine in cold weather or a hot climate at the beginning of the engine if the oil viscosity by choosing right choice
Therefore, oils Icon to maintain liquidity at low temperatures and more able to maintain the viscosity so that it is sufficient to form oily layer at high temperatures, the more oil drag and joining faster lubrication system at low temperatures and is working on the steam cooling friction at high temperatures, so guarantee the protection of the engine of vulnerability and thus protected from corrosion and wear and tear when the right choice for the category by category viscosity SAE,
So it is advisable to use oils Icon in terms of viscosity, which contains the winter and summer marks together because they contain conditioned additions to the wife and this means that the oil able to maintain operational capacity in the different temperature zones of the engine
2 – Icon engine oils and choice in terms of quality by Categories ACEA, API.
The quality of Icon oils determine the level of generally accepted international standards and more these standards or widespread classifications are:
( Classification engine oil system according to the American Petroleum Institute (API.
Classification engine oil system according to the European Automobile Manufacturers Association ACEA.
First: Sorted by the American Petroleum Institute (AMERICN PETROLEUM INSTITUE) API
This category was established in 1947 and consists of three categories it means the quality or the quality of motor oil.
A – (S) API «S« – SERVICE means the service is dedicated to engines that run on gasoline.
B – (C) API «C« – COMMERCIAL – it means business and is dedicated to the diesel-powered engines.
C – (EC) API (ENERGY CONSERVING) energy conservation oils.
Categories (S) API for engines that run on gasoline:
– The old groups (SA, SB, SC, SD, SE, SF SG, SH) API
Categories currently in force SJ, SL, SM) API These codes usually present on the oil tray, the more the alphabetical character forward, the more the oil is more quality and good operating characteristics, for example, oils categories SL better than oils categories API SH SJ and categories of oils, SM better than oils categories accepted by any API SL.SJ Thus,
But some may wonder what these symbols mean?
Why put the oil on the tray?
Answer this question as follows::
SM Icon engine oils of modern API influential on and in effect was adopted on 30/11/2004 m which oils categories are designed to provide better resistance to oxidation better protection of deposits and wear and tear, and better performance at low temperatures during the oil service period . valid for use in car engines gasoline-powered manufactured from 2004 till now..
SL API modern and valid Icon engine oils have been adopted in a 1-7 -2001 m, which is valid for all gasoline-powered engines manufactured from 2001 m to 2004 m and is made to ensure the best properties at high temperatures.
API SJ category oils Icon engines in effect adopted in 6-11-1995m, and licenses them for use in 15-10-1996m, oils this category customized for each model of gasoline engines (1996-2001 AD). This category replaced instead of the old categories that before used in the most ancient motor oils categories which enjoy a high-quality operating properties.
In many countries still oils categories that have been excluded (old) still works out and allowed to use because the cars that run these oils still exist example oils categories of the brand SG API has been adopting these categories of oil in 1988 is dedicated to the gasoline engines from model 1993 until 1995, it replaces the most forward oils categories has been solved, such as SE, SF
Icon engine oils recommend their use in modern cars that made the year 1996 engines and after this year, and are advised to use the most modern of the aforementioned categories, such as oils (.SM. SL. SJ) API
Oils categories of diesel engines in accordance with API’s (categories C)
(API (CA, CB, CC, CD, CD-II, CE
Categories currently in place:
API (CF, CF-2, CF-4, CG-4, CH-4, CI-4, CI-4 plus, CJ-4)
As is the case for special categories of motor oils, gasoline, whenever alphabetical letter of the English characters forward, whenever a newly oil and for the most modern engines to meet modern requirements for these engines in the sense oils categories CJ-4 API newest categories of oils
CH-4, CI-4, CI-4 plus and we would eat in detail:
CJ -4 oils category Icon modern engines in force was adopted in October 2006 and is dedicated to the high engine load diesel, meet the requirements of the engines manufactured in 2007 in terms of throwing NOx standards (NOx) and solid residues.
Categories of these oils (CJ-4) introduced conditions in several indications: ash must be less than 1.0%, 0.4% sulfur phosphorus 0.12%
In terms of the standard requirements of this category superior to oils categories of older ones (CI-4, plus CI. As it holds great changes that meet the requirements engines that meet the requirements of modern environmental standards for the year 2007 and the most recent and types of requirements.
Oils manufactured to meet modern specifications required by manufacturers of original equipment like Katrpleyr ICF (caterpillar ECF-1) and Mack (Mack EO-N premium plus 03 and Kamunz (Cummins 20078) that require limited values No. alkali boundary minimum (TBN). Oils this category of high pass tests where the soot, as well as pass tests viscosity and testing of sediment on the piston and is characterized by high purity .. steadily cut compared with the category of oil CI-4
CI-4 – Icon engine oils category in force was adopted in 2002 and are valid for diesel engines with high courses which was built in 2002 and meets the requirements in terms of emission of exhaust gases toxic to the year 2004 and this category made for diesel engines with a redux of the waste gases exhaust gas recirculation)) EGR which use diesel fuel containing 0.5% sulfur and is replaced instead of Categories CD, CE, CF, CG-4.
Category CH-4 oils category Icon engines have been adopted in 12/1/1998 m, a dedicated diesel engines to high-speed quad session and meet the requirements for 1998 in terms of emission of exhaust gases and toxic, as well as meet the requirements of European engines that use diesel fuel containing 0.5% of sulfur, and differ from category API CG – 4 that allows it to use in engines that use fuel blends of sulfur higher than 0.5%, and this feature is important for countries deployed where diesel fuel high percentage of sulfur (such as South America / Asia and Africa) in this category meet requirements in terms of reducing the wear and tear of valves and reduce the formation of soot (soot) . Replaced instead of CD, CE, CF-4, CG-4.
Category CG-4 oils category Icon engines were adopted in 1995 and is dedicated diesel engines to high-speed high-load quad session that use diesel fuel that contains sulfur less than 0.5% of this category are effective in extinguishing soot be in the pistons resulting from high temperatures
Heat and reduce the wear and tear and be foams, as well as reduce the oxidation reactions and other
Meet American standards requirements in terms of emission of toxic gases, replaced instead of CD, CE, CF-4.
It has been approved to be used with the class API SG and the possible use of gasoline engines for cars and light with a small load API CF-4 / SG and meet the requirements in terms of reducing toxic exhaust gases.
Category CF-2 oils category Icon engines were adopted in 1994, is dedicated to diesel engines bilateral session high load, it operates effectively quell wearability cylinders and put out the charcoal placed on the piston rings. Replaced instead of a Category CD-II in the most forward engines.
API (EC) oils, which keeps the energy is a new set of Icon engine oils of high quality and is made up of low viscosity oils and easy flow and work to reduce fuel costs, according to tests for gasoline engines from 1.5% to 2.7%. Such as Category API Sj / EC.
Icon engine oils (for petrol and diesel engines) and symbolized Bermzan doubling the first symbol is the basis and the second code is thus expressed the possibility of using this oil to the engine of another kind.
For example: API CG-4 / SH considered mainly dedicated oil categories for use for diesel engines but may be used for gasoline engines, which imposed Category oils API SH and earlier SG, SF, SE and so on.
So if your car engine works Balenzan should choose oils categories where there is a character (S))
As classified by the American Petroleum Institute, and if the car diesel engine oils must choose the categories where there is a character (C) and by year of manufacture of the engine as indicated above.
To find out the real API sign of the oil that complies with the requirements in terms of quality of the categories applicable oils and worked her basic tests by API and SAE left on her card circular sign painted with the service code service symbol API Viahr to viscosity grade for SAE and categories of quality b API In a circular marker possible that It symbolizes the degree of conservation of energy (reducing the exchange Fuel – economical fuel) energy Conserving
So when choosing Ikon engine oils is important to take into account the right choice for the category of gasoline viscosity By Type SAE in this case will ensure that the oil engine running well, especially in cold climates, and ensures the engine lubrication consistently at higher temperatures and when heavy loads,
The correct choice of the categories of quality by API will ensure oil change periodically and right, because high Ikon oils quality and provision for engine-designate will maintain its properties in lubrication for longer in the engine and thus guarantee oil change intervals longer than is permitted by the automotive engine manufacturers while retaining the ability of oil on oiling, so be safe engine of the negative consequences that may arise during operation of the engine or after his term of service will become more and often pass the shelf life. As for the questions that may come in the minds of some for the period necessary to change the oil from the engine. When and how is it done? Why prevail some oils After walking for some hundreds of kilometers away? And why some of them remain even after long distance?
To answer these questions are summarized as follows:
The importance of oil changes from time to time to remove dirt from the oil that has accumulated during the operation and that over time, gradually working to reduce the level of properties of the oil. During the process of use of the basic oil compounds are changing and exhausted additions that have been added to the oil, due to the heating and reactions of combustion within the engine.
As much repeated the need to change the oil, but it is the cheapest way to prolong engine life and prolong his tenure.
The Ikon engine oils modern, high quality products with all the necessary specifications, but it does not consider fixed in absolute Warmer high heat and water formed by the combustion of compounds of sulfur and burning sharp hard parts (osteoclasts) contribute greatly to the weakening of the oil’s ability to achieve its functions as required, Valohmad and water and soot formed in the oil can not be removed from it, but to change it..
Therefore engine oil should be changed from time to time commensurate with the instructions from where the car is turned on so as not to exceed the term imposed by the car manufacturers to cut the distances in kilometers.
Old was advised to change the oil every 3,000 km -4000 kilometers Today, and because of its Ikon engine oils from highly effective, all-consuming oils in small quantities, and when he enjoyed oils Ikon of high quality specifications and after the introduction of modern technology in the purification and add various additives for improving the properties operating recommend changing oil every 10,000 km
Here we mention that Ikon engine oils suitable for operating temperatures For example, in Brand: 5w-30 there are two numbers, this means that a comprehensive oil (General) and fit for use in summer and winter..
Wholesale entry “5” illustrates the degree to oil viscosity at low temperatures while the character (W) from the floor Winter and Winter mean in the sense that this oil can be used in the winter.
The number “30” – (viscosity at high temperatures) and demonstrates the possibility of using the oil in the summer..
After decoding engine parts and perform measurement leverages valves and cam shaft and piston rings and other machines using the resolution up to 0.0001 – 0.00001 inches.
So carmakers after these experiments adjusted their oil change intervals of engine became oil change every 12.068 thousand km away and so during operation under normal conditions and all 9454 thousand kilometers during operation in difficult conditions concept wrong with the other in terms of darker and there (oil blackening) after cutting a few spaces are advised to change the oil on an urgent basis, as the oil lost its effectiveness or the belief that he would work on getting dirty engine, this
Wrong to believe what is happening is exactly the opposite Vziot high quality Ikon engines contain large amounts of detergent additives – separated dirt and that very quickly in some cases for some hundreds of kilometers,
These additions are working to pick up dirt and sediment and combustion products, and to prevent their formation on pistons Vthafez this dirt and sediments are suspended in the oil, Oil Change During this dirt still with oil
Thus, it is working to clean the engine of these sediments, and this explains the blackening oils.
In order to easily change and are pleased preferably being a hot engine and then glides easily come out with oil and dirt regularly be removed from the engine better than if the change was carried out and the engine cold.
The remnants of harmful waste and waste from the user’s health lubricating oils directly to the content of used oil from metal parts and dirty accumulated during use where these materials appear when you change the residue.
Solid contained oil (oil refinery-candidate), which must be emptied of oil residues whenever oil is necessary and must be taken to dispose of so perfectly placed in designated places and should not be thrown in the surrounding medium
Or dumped in the sewage does not in any way because one liter of these wastes are bound to corrupt and contaminate millions of liters of drinking allocated or earmarked for agricultural needs of groundwater.